The Evaluation Competition seeks to motivate the participation of undergraduate and graduate students, as well as teachers and practitioners in HCI contributing to the training of these students. The Evaluation Competition has an essentially practical nature: participants make the evaluation of a computer system and thus apply their theoretical knowledge related to HCI evaluation methods.
In IHC 2021, the Evaluation Competition aims to explore the evaluation of interactive computational artefacts and their relationship with History and their global effects in the past, present and future perspectives. As such, the competition aims to incorporate the possibility of evaluating technologies and their relationship with the historical legacy of the past, as well as technologies and their relationship with “making and telling history” or “retelling history” in today’s striking episodes. In addition, the competition also aims to encourage the pursuit of a more critical line of history construction, opening up to evaluation with applications and technologies that help in the understanding of History and its reflections. The theme of the Evaluation Competition – IHC 2021 is in line with the call for the Evaluation Competition – IHC 2020 that was suspended, making it possible to submit works initiated from the previous call.
Among the possible artefacts that could be the focus of the evaluation, from the point of view of technologies that help to “make, tell and retell history” nowadays are social networks with situations and discussions involving ‘fake news’ (political, economic, social, cultural, legal scenarios, among others) and collaborative technologies to support of professional, educational and daily activities situations of isolation (e.g. COVID-19). From the point of view of technologies that help to understand the past historical legacy, evaluation teams could approach interactive technologies that gained great prominence with the situations of social isolation with the crisis of COVID-19 and the closure of museums and cultural spaces for the public. Possibilities to evaluate include applications, websites or virtual and augmented reality environments of museums and cultural spaces in Brazil and all over the world (e.g. Museu Afro Brasil, Museu do Amanhã in Brazil, AR RATP Museum in France, VR British Museum in the UK, Museu Nacional do Azulejo in Portugal, among others), as well as educational games and serious games related to the theme.
From a methodological point of view, in this evaluation competition, we would like to challenge students to extrapolate the simple evaluation of classical aspects of quality in use of systems (e.g. usability, accessibility, and communicability) and include aspects related to user experience (UX). According to ISO 9241-210, user experience addresses “a person’s perceptions and reactions that result from the intended use or use of a product, system or service” and “includes all emotions, beliefs, preferences, perceptions, physical and psychological responses, user behaviors and achievements that occur before, during and after use”. In several interactive technologies related to the theme of this competition, the “user experience” has an important role in the use of this technology, including their emotions, sensations and other aspects related to UX, and not only aspects related to the use of the system and performing tasks on it. Students are free to choose methods that they consider appropriate to analyze UX aspects.
We consider it important to disseminate the use of UX evaluation methods that actually cover aspects of UX that go beyond classic aspects of usability, accessibility and communicability, for example. Despite the wide dissemination of the term “UX” and its adoption in many companies, several evaluations carried out in commercial environments said “UX evaluations” do not incorporate broader aspects such as perceptions, reactions, emotions, beliefs, among others. Therefore, the competition puts this challenge forward to demonstrate the effective use of these methods, as examples that can be replicated in commercial environments.
Within the scope of the competition, evaluation teams can choose to evaluate different aspects of UX with potential relevance. For example, teams could approach the reactions with respect to beliefs and perceptions about interactive systems involving news, emotions that emerge from the interaction with content referring to real and ‘fake’ historical basis, or feelings emerging from the use of technology in situations related to historical facts, as well as the perceptions and reactions that come from the interaction with artefacts linked to the cultural legacy of the past.
For graduate students, we would like to launch an “extra” challenge, in the sense of exploring methods of evaluating UX from recent research literature in their evaluation venture. In the academic field, since the publication of the paper “User experience – a research agenda” in 2006 by Hassenzahl and Tractinsky, with more than 3.000 citations in March 2021, several research endeavours have been dedicated to the investigation of methods to evaluate aspects of user experience. Despite the advances, this field still presents more research challenges than the use of techniques consolidated decades ago to evaluate other aspects of quality in use, such as usability. Graduate students are invited to review recent HCI literature towards a search for methods with applicability to the chosen type of application. In the literature, there are specific proposals for evaluating user experience with general-purpose applications, games or with cultural heritage interactive applications. Teams will have complete freedom to carry out their research in the literature and choose the best method(s) to use. However, we suggest below some examples of articles with similar proposals, but the teams do not need to adopt them necessarily in the evaluations to be performed:
– IJSSELSTEIJN, W. A.; DE KORT, Y. A. W.; POELS, Karolien. The game experience questionnaire. Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, p. 3-9, 2013.
– PETRIE, H.; OTHMAN, M. K.; POWER, C. Smartphone Guide Technology in Cultural Spaces: Measuring Visitor Experience with an iPhone Multimedia Guide in Shakespeare’s Church. International Journal of Humanâ€“Computer Interaction, v. 33, n. 12, p. 973-983, 2017.
– BRÜHLMANN, F; Vollenwyder, B.; Opwis, K.; & Mekler, E. D. Measuring the “Why” of Interaction: Development and Validation of the User Motivation Inventory (UMI). In: Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 2018. p. 1-13.
Object and Focus: Assess the quality (usability, communicability, accessibility etc.) and the user experience of an interactive computational artefact that approaches History and its global effects in the past, present and future prospects. The computational artefacts evaluated can be for individual (single user) or collaborative use, and can be implemented in different ways that offer interaction, such as software, hardware, an environment, application, game, or other computer systems. Proposals with evaluations of computational artefacts that enhance social collaboration in the field of History are also welcome.
Methods: Teams will be free to choose the method(s) they will use to evaluate the computational artefact. Teams of graduate students are encouraged to seek the use of recent UX assessment methods proposed in research papers in the HCI literature.
Product: After the evaluation, each team must generate a report containing:
– Name(s) of employed evaluation method(s);
– Justification of the choice of method(s);
– Description of the chosen platform(s): brand, model, operating system;
– Description of the evaluation process (part of the interface under consideration, evaluated features, procedures involved);
– Evaluation results;
– Detected problems: description, location and context of occurrence, including justification;
– Closing remarks: conclusion and other observations;
– An analysis from the team on how the employed method(s) were able (or not) to identify aspects related to the experience of use of the application(s).
Submissions of reports should be anonymous and have up to 10 pages following the ACM Master Article Template (SIGCHI). Authors should submit a PDF version of their paper through the JEMS system, in PDF format.
Two kinds of teams are allowed to participate in the competition:
– Undergraduate students: between 3 and 5 undergraduate students;
– Graduate students: between 2 and 4 graduate students.
All undergraduate students’ teams must have one or two advisors associated with a higher education institution, research institution or private company related to the HCI field. A graduate student can be one of the advisors, if he/she helps in the supervision of an undergraduate students’ team together with a professor-advisor.
The graduate students’ teams also must have one or two advisors associated with a higher education institution or research institution. In this case, the advisors must be a supervisor and a co-supervisor of the graduate students.
Mixed teams with undergraduate and graduate students are not allowed. If these requirements will not be followed by the teams, they will be automatically excluded from the selection process.
To participate in the competition, each team should follow three steps:
– Run the evaluation;
– Submit the evaluation report;
– If selected by the scientific committee, present the evaluation report during the Evaluation Competition session at IHC 2021, which will be held online.
Each report will be evaluated by reviewers with experience in HCI or evaluation of interactive systems.
The following criteria will be considered:
– Adequacy of the system/application to the Evaluation Competition theme;
– Readability, organization and presentation of the evaluation report;
– Clear definition of the evaluation scope and purpose;
– Adequacy of the chosen method(s) and evaluation procedure(s) for the evaluation goal;
– Quality of results considering the established scope and purpose;
– Consideration of ethical issues involved in the execution of the evaluation (in the case of using methods involving users or people outside the team);
– Quality of the critical analysis of the ability of the method to disclose (or not) potential problems of use of the system.
Three (3) finalists of each category (undergraduate and graduate students) will be selected for a short oral presentation, followed by questions from a board of evaluators during the symposium, which will be held online, in October 18-22, 2021. The registration and the presence of at least one member of each finalist team is required.
Each finalist team who presents their work at IHC 2021 will receive a Certificate of Recognition. The winning team will also receive a prize (to be defined by the organization).
The organization will try to provide free registration for one member of each team selected for oral presentation in this edition. However, authors are initially responsible for ensuring their registration and presence in the symposium with their own resources.
The reports of the finalist teams will be published as the extended abstracts of the IHC 2021 proceedings.
System to be evaluated: computational artefacts that support History and its global effects in the past, present and future prospects;
Criteria to be evaluated: Quality of use and/or User experience;
Methods to be used: to be selected by the teams;
– 3 to 5 undergraduate students + 1 to 2 supervisors (professors, researchers, graduate students or practitioners) OR
– 2 to 4 graduate students + 1 to 2 supervisors (professors or researchers who must be a supervisor and a co-supervisor of the graduate students).
Anna Beatriz dos Santos Marques (UFC/Russas) – firstname.lastname@example.org
Natasha Malveira Costa Valentim (UFPR) – email@example.com
Deadline for submission of reports: 27 June 2021 (it was 13 June)
Notification of finalists: 09 August 2021
Deadline for final reports: 16 August 2021
Presentation: 18 October 2021 (to be confirmed)